INTRODUCTION

           

HISTORY OF BSF IN TRIPURA 

            The history of BSF in Tripura dates back to the year 1966 when four State Armed Police battalions were merged to raise DIG BSF Tripura Headquarters. It was located at Police Head Quarters Agartala and the IG(P) Tripura was the ex-officio DIG BSF Tripura. This arrangement continued till 1972, when the HQ DIG BSF Tripura was shifted to Salbagan, the present locations of Headquarters Tripura Frontier. Up to 30 Oct 2006 HQ DIG BSF Tripura (Tripura Sector) was functioning under the command and control of IG BSF at Kolkata. Over the passage of time the area of responsibility of IG BSF Kolkata was further bifurcated into three separate Frontiers i.e, IG BSF South Bengal, IG BSF North Bengal and IG BSF AMMN&T(Assam, Mizoram, Manipur, Nagaland and Tripura) and Tripura was a Sector  under the  AMM&N Frontier.

          On 1st July 1983, Tripura Frontier was raised with  responsibility of Tripura, Nagaland and Mizoram states. However, this arrangement only continued till 1st July 1985 and the Frontier  become TC&M having jurisdiction on Tripura Cachar and Mizoram with its HQrs at Salbagan, Agartala. On 01 Nov 2006, Cachar and Mizoram became part of newly raised M&C Frontier. Presently Tripura Frontier is responsible for boders in Tripura state only.

Tripura  Frontier i.e. Tripura, Chachar and Mizoram Frontier raised on 1st Jul 1985. 
The entire region is extremely tough, rugged and has thick forest cover.  There are no road and tracks in many parts and movement is restricted to existing foot tracks. There is a lot of under growth which restricts visibility. The jungles are full of leeches, mosquitoes and  poisonous insects.

NH 44 connects Silchar and  Agartala via Shillong. NH 54 connects Lunglei in Mizoram with Aizawl and Silchar. 

Connectivity

 

             1. Air

             2. Road

             3. Rail

 

TOPOGRAPHY           The entire region is extremely tough, rugged and has thick forest cover.  There are no road and tracks in many parts and movement is restricted to existing foot tracks. Extensive under growth restricts visibility. The jungles are full of leeches, poisonous

            Snakes, insects and mosquitoes. The weather remains humid with heavy rain fall for 8 months from March till Oct/Nov.  The heavy rains make the ground slushy,  making cross country movement difficult.   The weather from Nov till Feb is pleasant. The temperature in the region varies from 4oc to 27oc  during winter and from 22oc to 37oc in summer.  It is generally hot and humid except for the period from November to January with humidity ranging from 42 to 100 percent.  The average rain fall in the region is 265 cm annually.   The entire area of responsibility is crisscrossed with rivers which emanate from the hills and swell to dangerous levels during rainy season.  Most of these rivers are fordable during winters. 

DEMOGRAPHY

           The population of Tripura comprises  of original residents, migrants and recent migrants from erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). They speak Bengali and Kokbarok (Tripura dialect).  The Tribals live in the hills and non-tribals in plain areas. 

         The population  density in  Tripura  is 305 persons  per Square  Kilometer. The population resides  right up  to  zero line,  adding to the  problem  of  border  management The  population of both sides of the border has close ethnic bonds.    FLORA AND FAUNA   

 Journeying through the vast greenery and  crossing the varied vegetation of Tripura you will be amazed at the flora and fauna of the place. Tripura's hot and humid climate, with well-distributed rainfall from the month of April to September bestows it with evergreen vegetation. The numerous rivers traversing through Tripura give the state rich alluvial soil for cultivating paddy, jute, oilseeds, pulses, fruits and vegetables. Ferns, a wide variety of species, orchids of rare variety are found in the forests of Tripura. Sal is one of the prominent trees found in Tripura besides dense forests of bamboo. A rich variety of flora and fauna in Tripura can be found in the hilly area

               Wild life sanctuaries in  Sepahijala, Trishna, Gomti and Rowa are ideal reservoirs of its spectacular of flora and fauna. In order to protect the bio Government set up bio-complex in 1972 in Sepahijala to protect the flora and fauna in Tripura

               There are about 456 plant species. Sal , Chamal, Garjan and Kanak exist in great numbers. Other secondary species are Pichla, Kurcha, Awla, Bahera, Hargaja, Amlaki Bamboos and grasses. The forest is rich in timber too. Rauwalfia serpentina is abundantly found in the sanctuary. The sanctuary is home to other endangered and endemic species. Nageshwar, the state flower, Agar, the state tree, the green Imperial pigeon, Dukul, the state bird and the spectacled langur  are found in the sanctuaries.

              The tropical moist deciduous forest of Sepahijala sanctuary has five different species of primates. They are Rhesus macaque, pigtailed macaque, Capped langur, spectacled langur, slow lories and a lot of many other wild animals. Leopards, clouded leopard, jungle fowl, and civets, barking deer, wild pig are also found here. About 100 species of birds are found here too. It attracts migratory birds such as whistling teal, white ibis, and open billed stork.

                Bestowed with nature's bounty and rich flora and fauna, Tripura is a hot spot tourist destination. Log on to northeastindia.com to know about Flora and Fauna of Tripura   SEPAHIJALA WILDLIFE

Tripura's indisputable leading site and centerpiece is the Ujjayanta palace. This royal residence of the Manikya kings is a striking, dome-shaped palace built in 1901. It also features massive Mughal style gardens, lofty ceilings, and artistic doors of wood. It is also flanked by        two  reflecting ponds and looks  impressive  floodlit at night.                                                              

UJJAYANTA PALACE AGARTALA

 The   water palace is  Tripura's most iconic building  and is  the  state's   most important   tourist destination. A  summer  resort built in the heart of the lake Rudrasagar, it spreads to over 5.35 sq km. It is the only lake  palace  in  Eastern  part of India and  reflects  a  curious  blend  of  Hindu  and Mughal architechural styles.

 

                       NEERMAHAL

Built in 1930, the Neermahal, is a long, red-and-white water palace, empty, but shimmering on its own marshy island in the lake of Rudra Sagar. Like its counterpart in Rajasthan's Udaipur, this was a handsome exercise in aesthetics; the handpicked     craftsmen building a summer citadel of extravagance    in a blend of Hindu and Islamic architectural styles. The charming waterborne approach by    speed    boat    is the most enjoyable part of visiting.                                                                               

           UNAKOTI

Known for its rare stone and rock cot images of the 7th-9th century AD, the Unakoti     Tirtha is an  unmatched tourist site in its grandeur. Rich with numerous.  rock-cut sculptures, some of them are massive rock-cut     while some others are made out of sandstone.  Lush greenery around the place       further enhances the beauty of the place.

 

 

HISTORY AND   CULTURE 

           The history of Tripura is a long story which dates back to the time of the Mahabharata. At the very helm of the Kingdom of Tripura, encompassed the whole of Eastern Bengal stretching from the Bay of Bengal in the South to the Brahmaputra river in the North and West and Burma in the East. The earliest trace of the history of Tripura can be found in the Ashokan pillar inscriptions. The history of Tripura points out that around the 7th Century the Tripura Kings with the title of 'pha' which means father, ruled from the Kailashahar region in North Tripura.

           In the 14th Century the history of Tripura witnessed a change with the sifting of the capital from Kailashahar to Udaipur. It was around the same time that the Tripuri kings adopted the title of Manikya and the Manikya dynasty which had a Indo- Mongolian origin ruled Tripura for around 3000 years. This was probably the most glorious episode of the history of Tripura and the dominance of the Manikyas was also acknowledged by the Mughals who were the central rulers.

           The 17th Century is a major watershed in the history of Tripura when the administration of the region passed on the hands of the Mughals with some restrained powers of the Manikyas. With the coming of the colonial era the Britishers extended their control over Tripura but granted some independence to the Manikya kings.

           The Royal history of Tripura ended in the year 1947 when monarchy in the state was completely terminated. Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya was the last ruling Manikya king of Tripura and it was after his death that Tripura was acceded to the Union of India. In the year 1949 Tripura became an Union Territory of India and remained so until 1972 when it was made a constituent state of the Indian Nation.

           Every aspect of the history of Tripura is extremely intriguing and there are a number of controversies regarding   Tripura- origin of name. There are a number of historians who debate the  origin of the    name of   Tripura and they put forward a number of  theories regarding Tripura- origin of name.   A major problem in tracing Tripura- origin of  name  is  the lack of  authentic   documents on the history of the region. Rajmala is probably the only  written document on  the  region which sheds light on its history.

             The Rajmala, which is the court chronicle of Tripura, points out that the region had an ancient king named Tripura. It is believed that Tripura was a tyrant king and many  historians  argue  that it  was after him that the region was named However, this theory  about      Tripura- origin of name has been challenged by historians who argue that Tripura is an a- historical and imaginary character.